Nomenclature map section of Io, Jupiter's volcanic moon. Image: IAU.

Nomenclature map section of Io, Jupiter's volcanic moon. Image: IAU.

Greetings and welcome back to Part 2 of the wacky and crazy world of Planetary Nomenclature!

Last time, we talked about how different types of geology has a name. Well on planets and moons, those names are given themes! So here are a few more facts about the naming of some features!

1- Greek and Roman mythologies take a large percent of the names given to objects and features, but then extends to Norse, Inuit, Gallic, African, and Oriental mythologies.

2- Haumea, a dwarf planet, is named after the Hawaiian goddess of fertility.

3- Craters on the asteroid Itokawa are named after space testing facilities around the world. There is a Laurel crater after the location of the Applied Physics Laboratory and Johns Hopkins University in Laurel, Maryland.

4-Scarps, or long steep banks, on the protoplanet/asteroid Vesta are named after Roman ritualistic festivals!

5- ALL names on Venus are named after women, whether they are from myth, literature, or historic. Lakshmi Planum, a wide open plain on Venus, is named after the Indian goddess of love. The American author Louisa May Alcott has a crater on Venus named after her. 

6- Features on Io, Jupiter's volcanic moon, are named after worldly gods of fire and thunder. 

7- Ganymede, Jupiter's largest moon, has an assortment of named features. Craters on Ganymede are named after Egyptian or Babylonian origin gods of healing and wisdom. However, larger depressions on Ganymede are named after archeological dig sites. 

Nomenclature map section of Ganymede, Jupiter's largest moon. Image: IAU.

Nomenclature map section of Ganymede, Jupiter's largest moon. Image: IAU.

Thank you for visiting and come back next week for the final part of this Nomenclature series!