The Tadpole Galaxy recorded with the Hubble Space Telescope.

The Tadpole Galaxy recorded with the Hubble Space Telescope.

Hello, Earthlings!

This week, let us journey beyond our galaxy to look at a weird structure of interacting galaxies…Tadpoles! Tadpole galaxies are a classification of massive, elongated, disrupted galaxies!

How are they disrupted? When galaxies collide, some collide at an angle and different speeds, usually morphing a beautiful spiral galaxy into a long, stretched out galaxy that looks like…well…a tadpole!

The original galaxy, the Tadpole Galaxy (or UGC 10214), is the prime example and has led other astronomers to observe other galaxy interactions that resulted in the same fashion.

Here’s some fun fats about the Tadpole Galaxy:

1-The tail is around 280,000 light years long!

2-The interaction caused the tail to create many newer stars from dust interacting and clumping together!

3-According to astronomers, a smaller compact galaxy (the intruder galaxy) passed or crossed from in front of the Tadpole Galaxy from left to right.

4- The interaction is estimated to have happened 100 million years ago

5-There are two clusters of stars in the tail. These two clusters will very likely turn into dwarf galaxies and they will orbit in the halo of the Tadpole Galaxy.

 36 young galaxies caught in the act of merging with other galaxies. Astronomers have dubbed them "tadpole galaxies" because of their distinct knot-and-tail shapes.  Credit:   NASA , A. Straughn, S. Cohen, and R. Windhorst (Arizona State University), and the HUDF team (  Space Telescope Science Institute

36 young galaxies caught in the act of merging with other galaxies. Astronomers have dubbed them "tadpole galaxies" because of their distinct knot-and-tail shapes. Credit: NASA, A. Straughn, S. Cohen, and R. Windhorst (Arizona State University), and the HUDF team ( Space Telescope Science Institute

Thank you for reading! Next week, we’ll take a look at dust storms on Titan!